The United States Social Science Research Council (SSRC), founded in 1923, was the first national social science institution in the world and might be said to represent the creation of a "science of society." In Fundamental Development of the Social Sciences , Donald Fisher shows how this institution, under the considerable influence of Rockefeller philanthropy, shaped an entire discipline.
Fisher demonstrates that the creation and growth of the SSRC during the 1920s and 1930s is essential to our understanding of the major developments in the social sciences since World War II. He shows that during this period, the place of social science and social scientists in American society was fixed in a way that has had substantial, lasting impact.
The author weaves a number of larger, related issues into his account of the wide-ranging influence of the SSRC: the role of social scientists in the political life of the societies in which they live; the way in which knowledge systems develop and change; the role of philanthropy in industrialized societies; and the formation and preservation of the modern capitalist state.
Donald Fisher's discussion of how an American institution sculpted an entire discipline will be of interest to all social scientists and historians of social science.
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
Part 1 25
Chapter 2. Creation and Organization of the Council 27
Chapter 3. Expansion and Growth of the Council: The Gilded Age 67
Chapter 4. Consolidation and Retrenchment, 1930-36 115
Chapter 5. Self-Criticism, Reconstruction, and Planning, 1937-45 167
Part 2 197
Chapter 6. The Impact of the SSRC on the Social Sciences in North America: Changing the Boundaries 199
Chapter 7. Conclusion 229
Appendix 1 253
Appendix 2 255
Selected Bibliography 277