Nothing to Read

Newspapers and Elections in a Social Experiment
Jeffery J. Mondak
Demonstrates that newspapers make a difference in elections.


How important are local newspapers for disseminating information during election campaigns? A large body of literature theorizes that they should have very little effect on political behavior since the electorate is largely immune to any media influence. To what lengths would the average citizen go to obtain information about candidates should a media source suddenly be suspended during an election? Most of the literature argues that the average citizen would not seek out any additional information to supplement what they passively acquire. A newspaper strike in Pittsburgh during the 1992 elections afforded Jeffery J. Mondak an unparalleled opportunity to test these assumptions--and to prove them both wrong.

Nothing to Read compares the information gathering and voting behavior of residents in Pittsburgh and Cleveland during the 1992 campaign season. Comparable in demographics and political behavior, the only significant difference between the two cities was the availability of local newspapers. Using a research design that combines elements of the opinion survey and the laboratory experiment, the author exploited this situation to produce an unusually sound and thorough examination of media effects on voters.

The results are startling. First and foremost, Nothing to Read reasserts the role of the newspaper in the dissemination of information acquisition. It is the only media source that can rival television in the electoral arena, and it is often more important to voters as a source for local information, including information about U.S. House races. Nothing to Read also shows that voters are more active in seeking out information than typically postulated. Indeed, many voters even differentiate between media sources for information about Senate and House contests and sources for the presidential campaign. Within limits, the electorate is clearly not a passive news audience. Nothing to Read provides a wealth of information on such related topics as the relationship between partisanship and media influence, the interplay between media exposure and interpersonal political conversations and other social interaction, and newspapers' effect on coattail voting. A unique book, Mondak's important study lays a solid foundation for all future work on the relationship between American media and politics.

Jeffery J. Mondak is Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh.

Praise / Awards

  • "Mondak provides convincing evidence that having 'nothing to read' need not mean being uninformed. In fact, the redundancy built into the American news environment makes it possible for people with a variety of tastes and skills to engage in political discourse."
    American Political Science Review
  • "Nothing to Read is important because it expands the research on media effects in the political process. As such, it could be useful in both political science and journalism classes. Reporting students could benefit from a grounding in these topics. But it also should be of use to the professional community. It complements the current move of many newspapers toward 'community journalism.'"
    Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
  • "Mondak's study is innovative scholarship and contributes significantly to the development of disciplinary theory. Political scientists and communication studies scholars will benefit from his research and must grapple with his findings."
    Presidential Studies Quarterly

Product Details

  • 6 x 9.
  • 200pp.
  • tables, figures.
Available for sale worldwide

  • Paper
  • 1995
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-06599-8

Add to Cart
  • $30.95 U.S.