The Battles of Armageddon

Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley from the Bronze Age to the Nuclear Age
Eric H. Cline
One site. Thirty battles over four thousand years. Egyptians, Crusaders, Mongols, Israelis


Apocalypse. Judgment Day. The End Time. Armageddon. Students of the Bible know it as the place where the cataclysmic battle between the forces of good and evil will unfold. But Armageddon is a real place—Har Megiddo—and it has seen more fighting and bloodshed than any other spot on earth.

Egyptians, Israelites, Greeks, Moslems, Crusaders, Mongols, British, Germans, Arabs, and Israelis have all fought and died here. Their leaders' names echo in history: Thutmose III, Deborah, Gideon, Saul and Jonathan, Jezebel, Saladin, Napoleon, and Allenby, to name but the most famous. Battles at Megiddo and in the Jezreel Valley have determined the course of civilization. No wonder that the author of Revelation believed Armageddon, the penultimate battle between good and evil, would also take place here.

Eric H. Cline is Assistant Professor of Ancient History and Archaeology, George Washington University.

Visit Eric Cline's website at

Praise / Awards

  • ". . . a meticulous chronicle of the dozens of military clashes over the centuries that have given an aura of apocalyptic expectation to a small patch of valley in northern Israel. . . . [A] significant and welcome contribution to the military history of Israel."
    —Neil Asher Silberman, Association for Jewish Studies Review (AJS Review), April 2003

  • "Cline's detailed treatment of engagements within the terrain and his extensive bibliography will make the book a real treat for archaeology buffs and a useful starting point for scholars of matters both military and Biblical."
    —Phyllis Culham, Biblical Archaeology Society, November/December 2001

  • "In The Battles of Armageddon, Eric H. Cline offers a creative look at the long and eventful history of warfare in ancient Israel as seen from the strategic vantage point of Megiddo. . . . Not only highlights the strategic importance of Megiddo and the surrounding region in the historical past, but puts into context the continuing cultural and religious significance of the site today. . . . [Winner of the] Best Popular Book on Archaeology."
    Biblical/Archaeology Review, September/October 2001

  • ". . . a crash course in history, geography, politics and archaeology. . . . This book is informative, easy to read and a pleasure to own. Would that we had more populizers of [Cline's] talent."
    —Ben Kaufman, Cincinnati Enquirer, February 27, 2001

  • "[A] very interesting and quite readable military history."
    Israel Affairs, Spring 2002

  • ". . . a well-crafted historical study, informed in its use of both archaeological and textual sources and fascinating and interesting to read. In addition, Cline succeeds admirably in the difficult task of communicating the historical significance of ancient Megiddo to a broader, nonspecialist readership. In the process, he not only highlights the strategic importance of the region (and the site) in the historical past, but he also contextualizes its continuing cultural and religious significance today."
    Journal of Near Eastern Studies

  • "A lively book by Eric H. Cline that traces the crucial conflicts in this area from around the third millennium BC to our day. The topic is interesting; Cline is a good storyteller. . . . The book is a good read and fulfills its goal of presenting the major battles of the era in lively prose. Moreover, clear and well-drawn maps and occasionally other visual aids illustrate the battles."
    —Antonio Santosuosso, The Journal of Military History, Volume 65, No. 4

  • Winner: Biblical Archaeology Society's 2001 Best Popular Book on Archaeology

Product Details

  • 6 x 9.
  • 256pp.
  • 2 drawings, 17 photographs, 1 table, 30 maps.
Available for sale worldwide

  • Hardcover
  • 2000
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-09739-5

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  • $54.95 U.S.

  • Paper
  • 2002
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-06739-8

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  • $26.95 U.S.