Beyond Busing

Reflections on Urban Segregation, the Courts, and Equal Opportunity
Paul R. Dimond
Discusses the landmark school and housing desegregation cases of the 1970s


A compelling insider's account of the fight for educational desegregation, from one of its most dedicated and outspoken heroes. A new afterword explains the author's controversial belief that the moment for litigating educational equality has passed, clear-sightedly critiquing his own courtroom strategies and the courts' responses, before closing with an assessment of the economic and social changes that he feels have already moved us "beyond busing."

Paul R. Dimond is counsel to Miller, Canfield, Paddock and Stone, Michigan's largest law firm; chairman of McKinley, a national commercial real estate investment and management firm; and chairman or member of the board of trustees of numerous education, community, and civic organizations. He spent four years as President Clinton's Special Assistant for Economic Policy.

Praise / Awards

  • "An original analysis of a tough subject. A must read for all who care about opportunity for all our children."
    —Donna E. Shalala, President, University of Miami
  • "Paul Dimond remains a passionate and caring voice for inner-city students, whether in his advocacy of school desegregation, school choice plans, or school finance reform. He illuminates these issues as one who participated in the major education cases and as a perceptive scholar."
    —Mark Yudof, Chancellor, The University of Texas System
  • "A must-read for anyone who wants to understand America’s continued failure to give inner-city children a quality education or to do something about it!"
    —Sheryll Cashin, Author of The Failures of Integration: How Race and Class are Undermining the American Dream
  • "A fascinating first-hand account of 1970s northern school desegregation decisions."
    —Neal E. Devins, American Bar Foundation Research Journal

  • "Dimond is particularly good at relating his slice of legal history to the broader developments of the 1970s, and his occasional remarks about trial tactics are amusing and instructive. Dimond's honesty about both his successes and failures makes his book required reading for civil rights lawyers. . ."
    —Lawrence T. Gresser, Michigan Law Review
  • "An extraordinarily informative and thoughtful book describing the process of bringing Brown [v. Board of Education] North and the impact this process had upon national attitudes toward desegregation."
    —Drew S. Days III, The Yale Law Journal
  • "Dimond reminds the liberal reader of the promise that lies in the empowerment of ordinary families to choose their own schools."
    —John E. Coons, Professor of Law, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley

Look Inside


I. To Speak against Segregation

II. "Our Troubled Times Demand Such Sacrifices": The Detroit School Case, 1970-74

Chapter 2. The NAACP Challenge to Segregation     21

Chapter 3. The Trial of Judge Roth, April to September, 1971     41

Chapter 4. Metropolitan Conversion in the Lower Courts, October, 1971, to June, 1973     74

Chapter 5. The Detroit Case in the Supreme Court, June, 1973, to July, 1974     97

III. "Avoiding an Education": The First Round in the Dayton School Case, July, 1972, to June, 1977

Chapter 6. The Trial of Judge Rubin, July, 1972, to December, 1972     121

Chapter 7. The Skirmishes between the Sixth Circuit and Judge Rubin, January, 1973, to September, 1976     147

Chapter 8. The Supreme Court Sounds Retreat, December, 1976, to June, 1977     165

IV. Standing and Waiting: The Floundering of the Legal Challenges to Housing Segregation in the 1970s

Chapter 9. Open Housing, Closed Court, 1970-79     183

Chapter 10. Waiting for Gautreaux: The Chicago Public Housing Case, 1950-1979     205

V. The Lower Courts Answer the Supreme Court's Call to Retreat, 1976-78

Chapter 11. Judge Duncan's Trial of the Columbus School Case, April, 1976, to October, 1977     229

Chapter 12. The Sixth Circuit on Trial: The Columbus and Dayton School Cases on Appeal, June, 1977, to July, 1978     258

VI. Reprise and Preview: The Wilmington School Case, 1971-78

Chapter 13. Trial by Three Judges, 1971-75     283

Chapter 14. The Interdistrict Remedy, 1976-78     309

VII. The Supreme Court and the School Desegregation Cases, 1978-80

Chapter 15. The Briefs and Arguments in the Supreme Court     343

Chapter 16. The Decisions from the Supreme Court, 1979-80     375

Conclusion     395
Retrospect     403
Prospect     409
Sources     415
Selected Bibliography     417
Table of Principal Cases     421

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  • 440 pages.
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  • 2009
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  • 978-0-472-02149-9

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