Globalizations and Social Movements
Culture, Power, and the Transnational Public Sphere
Explores how globalization affects social movements in different countries
Globalization is a set of processes that are weakening national boundaries. Both transnational and local social movements develop to resist the processes of globalization—migration, economic interdependence, global media coverage of events and issues, and intergovernmental relations. Globalization not only spurs the creation of social movements, but affects the way many social movements are structured and work. The essays in this volume illuminate how globalization is caught up in social movement processes and question the boundaries of social movement theory.
The book builds on the modern theory of social movements that focuses upon political process and opportunity, resource mobilization and mobilization structure, and the cultural framing of grievances, utopias, ideologies, and options. Some of the essays deal with the structure of international campaigns, while others are focused upon conflicts and movements in less developed countries that have strong international components. The fourteen essays are written by both well established senior scholars and younger scholars in anthropology, political science, sociology, and history. The essays cover a range of time periods and regions of the world.
This book is relevant for anyone interested in the politics and social change processes related to globalization as well as social-movement theory.
Praise / Awards
"This volume's chief virtue is in confronting a host of analytical and theoretical challenges through a very wide variety of cases that vary in terms of cause and context. While the authors do not all subscribe to some common paradigm, they all stay on task in addressing the development and consequences of some kind of globalization. The chapters are specific, detailed, and theoretically informed. Taken as a whole, they present both a resource and a challenge to researchers who want to understand the patterns and consequences of increasing international integration."
—David S. Meyer, University of California, Irvine, American Journal of Sociology, Volume 107: No. 2 (September 2001)
"Activists self-consciously operate simultaneously in both national and transnational public spheres as they articulate universal norms and devise strategies for pursuing their global aims in local and national political contexts. Globalizations and Social Movements help [sic] us consider the ways that power, history, and culture shape their varied possibilities for doing this."
—Jackie Smith, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Social Forces, September 2002
Table of Contents
Globalizations and Social Movements 1
Historical Precursors to Modern Transnational Social Movements and Networks 35
State Terror Constitutional Traditions and National Human Rights Movements: A Cross National Quantitative Comparison 54
Distant Issue Movements in Germany Empirical Description and Theoretical Reflections 76
The Irrelevance of Nationalism the Relevance of Globalism? Cultural Frames of Collective Protest in Postcommunist Poland 1989-93 109
Global and Local Framing of Maternal Identity Obligation and the Mothers of Matagalpa Nicaragu 127
The Useful State? Social Movements and the Citizenship of Children in Brazil 147
Refugees Resistance and Identity 183
Confronting Contradictions and Negotiating Identities Taiwanese Doctors Anticolonialism in the 1920s 210
Politics and Play Sport Social Movements and Decolonization in Cuba and the British West Indies 240
Social Memory as Collective Action The Crimean Tatar National Movement 260
The Russian NeoCossacks Militant Provincials in the Geoculture of Clashing Civilizations 288
Religious Nationalism in India and Global Fundamentalism 315
Adjusting the Lens What Do Globalizations Transnationalism and the Antiapartheid Movement Mean for Social Movement Theory? 339
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