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The Attraction of Opposites considers a puzzling phenomenon: Why do societies all over the world organize their social thought and institutions in patterns of opposites? The essays collected in this volume examine contemporary societies throughout the world that organize their social theories or institutions in binary form. Through analysis of these rich materials, the distinguished contributors explore the enduring human attraction to dualism. They consider whether this is due to the natural "twoness" of things and, if not, why polarity should play such a prominent role in both ancient cosmologies and modern philosophies, in early empires and in modern two-party systems.
This study of dual organization tells us something important about human beings, illuminating a mode of thought and social organization that has represented an attractive option throughout human history.
The Quest for Harmony by David Maybury-Lewis 1
Dual Organizations by Uri Almagor 19
1. Category and Complement: Binary Ideologies and the Organization of Dualism in Eastern Indonesia by James J. Fox 33
2. Ritual and Inequality in Guji Dual Organization by John Hinnant 57
3. The Complexity of Dual Organization in Aboriginal Australia by Kenneth Maddock 77
4. Social Theory and Social Practice: Binary Systems in Central Brazil by David Maybury-Lewis 97
5. Reciprocal Centers: The Siwa-Lima System in the Central Moluccas by Valerio Valeri 117
6. The Dialectic of Generation Moieties in an East African Society by Uri Almagor 143
7. Language and Conceptial Dualism: Sacred and Secular Concepts in Australian Aboriginal Cosmology and Myth by Aram A. Yengoyan 171
8. Dualism: Fuzzy Thinking or Fuzzy Sets by Anthony Seeger 191
9. Dual Organization and Its Developmental Potential in Two Contrasting Environments by Abraham Rosman and Paula G. Rubel 209
10. Historical Dimensions of Dual Organizations: The Generation-Class System of the Jie and the Turkana by John Lamphear 235
11. The Moieties of Cuzco by R. Tom Zuidema 255
12. The Organization of Action, Identity, and Experience in Arapesh Dualism by Donald Tuzin 277
13. The Maasai Double-Helix and the Theory of Dilemmas by Paul Spencer 297
14. Obligations to the Source: Complementarity and Hierarchy in an Eastern Indonesian Society by Elizabeth G. Traube 321
Dual Organizations and Sociological Theory by Shmuel N. Eisenstadt 345