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This book provides a comprehensive view of the range and effectiveness of experimental methods in political science. The classic readings that are included have been selected to demonstrate the potential for experimental research across a variety of traditional and contemporary research areas in political science.
The volume includes studies of the media's impact on voter information, the testing of formal political models of voting, the measurement of public opinion, collective action and Prisoner's Dilemma problems, information and voting, bureaucratic and legislative rules and agendas, political choice behavior, and political psychology. Each of the five sections includes an overview of the experimental research in that subject area. The introduction explores the contributions of experiments to political science and shows the increasingly influential role of laboratory experimentation in the field.
Contributors are Lawrence Bobo, Robyn Dawes, John Ferejohn, Robert Forsythe, Ruth Hamill, John Herstein, Mark Isaac, Milton Lodge, George Marcus, Roger Noll, John Orbell, James Piereson, George Quattrone, Howard Schuman, Randy Simmons, John Sullivan, Susan Thomas, Amos Tversky, Alphons J.C. Van De Kragt, James Walker, and Janet Weiss.
On Behalf of an Experimental Political Science
Donald R. Kinder and Thomas R. Palfrey 1
1. The Meaning and Measurement of Public Opinion
Coming to Grips with the Holy Ghost
Donald R. Kinder 43
Survey-Based Experiments on White Racial Attitudes towards Residential Integration
Howard Schuman and Lawrence Bobo 53
Ideological Constraint in the Mass Public: A Methodological Critique and Some New Findings
John L. Sullivan, James E. Piereson, and George E. Marcus 79
A Partisan Schema for Political Information Processing
Milton Lodge and Ruth Hamill 97
2. Political Choice
Rational and Not-So-Rational Processes in Judgment and Choice
Donald R. Kinder 119
Keeping the Voter's Limits in Mind: A Cognitive Process Analysis of Decision-Making in Voting
John A. Herstein 129
Contrasting Rational and Psychological Analyses of Political Choice
George A. Quattrone and Amos Tversky 159
Coping With Complexity: An Experimental Study of Public Policy Decision-Making
Janet A. Weiss 185
3. Collective Action
The Conflict between Private Incentives and the Common Good
Thomas R. Palfrey 211
An Experimental Examination of Auction Mechanisms for Discrete Public Goods
John A. Ferejohn, Robert Forsythe, Roger G. Noll, and Thomas R. Palfrey 221
Organizing Groups for Collective Action
Robyn M. Dawes, John M. Orbell, Randy T. Simmons, and Alphons J.C. van de Kragt 245
Divergent Evidence on Free Riding: An Experimental Examination of Possible Explanations
R. Mark Isaac, James M. Walker, and Susan H. Thomas 265
4. Information and Democracy
Signal and Noise in Democratic Conversation
Thomas R. Palfrey and Donald R. Kinder 305
Experimental Demonstrations of the "Not-So-Minimal" Consequences of Television News Programs
Shanto Iyengar, Mark D. Peters, and Donald R. Kinder 313
Information and Elections: Retrospective Voting and Rational Expectations
Richard D. McKelvey and Peter C. Ordeshook 333
Baby Books and Ballots: The Impact of Congressional Mail on Constituent Opinion
Albert D. Cover and Bruce S. Brumberg 363
5. Institutional Rules and Procedures
Agendas and Decisions in Government
Thomas R. Palfrey 389
Committee Decisions under Majority Rule: An Experimental Study
Morris P. Fiorina and Charles R. Plott 399
Bureaucratic Agenda Control: Imposition or Bargaining?
Cheryl L. Eavey and Gary J. Miller 435
Agenda Influence and Its Implications
Michael E. Levine and Charles R. Plott 461