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Public concern about the generation of innovative activity and technological change has risen sharply in recent years. Yet, to date, only limited knowledge about the determinants of innovation and the effects of technological change upon industrial structure has been established.
This volume provides an original and internationally comparative analysis of the determinants of innovative activity and the manner in which market structure and firm size respond to technological change.
The contributors have utilized new sources of data to test empirically the central hypotheses in the industrial organization literature regarding the causes and effects of technological change. The empirical results, based on numerous countries on both side of the Atlantic, cast considerable doubt on the conventional wisdom that large firms in an oligopolistic market environment are the most conducive to innovative activity.
List of Contributors v
1 Innovation and Technological Change: An Overview
Zoltan J. Acs and David B. Audretsch 1
2 Changing Perspectives on the Firm Size Problem
F.M. Scherer 24
3 R&D, Firm Size and Innovative Activity
Zoltan J. Acs and David B. Audretsch 39
4 Firm Size, University-Based Research and the Returns to R&D
Albert N. Link and John Rees 60
5 Technical Performance and Firm Size: Analysis of Patents and Publications of US Firms
Alok K. Chakrabarti and Michael R. Halperin 71
6 Formal and Informal R&D and Firm Size: Survey Results from the Netherlands
Alfred Kleinknecht, Tom P. Poot and Jeroen O.N. Reijnen 84
7 A Poisson Model of Patenting and Firm Structure in Germany
Joachim Schwalbach and Klaus F. Zimmermann 109
8 Technological Diffusion, Firm Size and Market Structure
Paul Stoneman 121
9 Research Diversity Induced by Rivalry
John T. Scott 132
10 Firm Size, Growth and Innovation: Some Evidence from West Germany
Felix R. FitzRoy and Kornelius Kraft 152
11 Advertising, Innovation and Market Structure: A Comparison of the United States of America and the Federal Republic of Germany
J.-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg and Joachim Wagner 160
12 Firm Size Versus Diversity in the Achievement of Technological Advance
Wesley M. Cohen and Steven Klepper 183