Between a River and a Mountain

The AFL-CIO and the Vietnam War
Edmund F. Wehrle


Between a River and a Mountain details American labor's surprisingly complex relationship to the American war in Vietnam. Breaking from the simplistic story of "hard hat patriotism," Wehrle uses newly released archival material to demonstrate the AFL-CIO's continuing dedication to social, political, and economic reform in Vietnam. The complex, sometimes turbulent, relationship between American union leaders and their counterparts in the Vietnamese Confederation of Labor (known as the CVT) led to dangerous political compromises: the AFL-CIO eventually accepted much-needed support for their Vietnamese activities from the CIA, while the CVT's need to sustain their relationship with the Americans lured them into entanglements with a succession of corrupt Saigon governments. Although the story's endpoint—the painfully divided and weakened labor movement of the 1970s—may be familiar, Wehrle offers an entirely new understanding of the historical forces leading up to that decline, unraveling his story with considerable sophistication and narrative skill.

Edmund F. Wehrle is Assistant Professor of History, Eastern Illinois University.

Praise / Awards

  • "Stunning in its research and sophisticated in its analysis, Between a River and a Mountain is one of the best studies we have of labor and the Vietnam war."
    —Bob Brigham, Shirley Ecker Boskey Professor of History and International Relations, Vassar College
  • "This is an important book, the first full-fledged scholarly examination labor's Vietnam War. Based on deep research in U.S. and foreign archives, and presented in clear and graceful prose, Edmund Wehrle's study adds a great deal to our understanding of how the AFL-CIO approached the war and in turn was fundamentally altered by its staunch support for Americanization. Nor is it merely an American story that Wehrle tells, for he also presents fascinating information on the Vietnamese Confederation of Labor and its sometimes-strained relations with U.S. labor."
    —Fredrik Logevall, Cornell University
  • "Skillfully blending diplomatic and labor history, Wehrle's book is a valuable contribution to the ever-widening literature on the Vietnam War."
    —George Herring, University of Kentucky
  • "Wehrle has written a compelling and original study of the AFL-CIO, the South Vietnamese labor movement and the Vietnam War."
    —Judith Stein, Department of History City College and Graduate School of the City University of New York

  • "[A] fascinating, well-researched and important account of organized labor's support for the Vietnam War."
    —Scott Stephens, Cleaveland Plain Dealer

  • "This book fills an important gap in the historical literature, not just in the history of U.S. labor but in an oft-neglected element of Vietnamese history. Edmund F. Wehrle treats readers to a much-needed review of the relationship between labor in the United States and South Vietnam during the war years."
    —Clayton Sinyai, Laborers International Union of North America, American Historical Review

  • "Between a River and a Mountain is an important book. It is authoritatively researched, well written, and convincing. In writing this book, Edmund F. Wehrle has made a significant contribution towards a broader understanding of the labor movement in the United States, the transnational dimensions of U.S. labor, and the cultural impact of the Vietnam War."
    —David Kieran, H-Net

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Copyright © 2005, University of Michigan. All rights reserved.

Product Details

  • 6 x 9.
  • 320pp.
  • 8 B&W photographs and 1 Drawing.
Available for sale worldwide

  • Paper
  • 2005
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-06900-2

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  • $31.95 U.S.

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