State of Virginity

Gender, Religion, and Politics in an Early Modern Catholic State
Ulrike Strasser
An important contribution to the historical study of sexuality and the growing feminist literature on the state


In premodern Germany, both the emerging centralized government and the powerful Catholic Church redefined gender roles for their own ends. Ulrike Strasser's interdisciplinary study of Catholic state-building examines this history from the vantage point of the virginal female body. Focusing on Bavaria, Germany's first absolutist state, Strasser recounts how state authorities forced chastity upon lower-class women to demarcate legitimate forms of sexuality and maintain class hierarchies. At the same time, they cloistered groups of upper-class women to harness the spiritual authority associated with holy virgins to the political authority of the state. The state finally recruited upper-class virgins as teachers who could school girls in the gender-specific morals and type of citizenship favored by authorities.

Challenging Weberian concepts that link modernization to Protestantism, Strasser's study illustrates the modernizing power of Catholicism through an examination of virginity's central role in politics, culture, and society. Weaving together the stories of marriage and convent, of lay as well as religious women, State of Virginity makes important contributions to the historical study of sexuality and the growing feminist literature on the state. It will be of particular interest to students and scholars of political and religious history, women's studies, and social history.

Ulrike Strasser is Associate Professor of History, Affiliate Faculty in Women's Studies, and Core Faculty in Religious Studies at the University of California, Irvine.

Praise / Awards

  • ". . . a fresh, original study of gender roles and religious ideology in the early modern Catholic state. . . . Using a rich array of archival sources, Strasser explores ways in which an increasingly centralized Bavarian government in Munich inaugurated marriage and convent reforms and a civil religion based on the veneration of the Virgin Mary. Her carefully selected case studies show how church and state collaborated to produce a shared discourse and consistent policies proscribing extramarital sex, and excluding those without property from marriage. The author pursues the manner in which these official policies marginalized women who did not find a niche in property-based marriages sanctioned by church and state."
  • "Rich and detailed . . . . an ambitious undertaking that offers fresh insights and new questions."
    The Journal of Modern History

  • "[An] elegant study . . ."
    American Historical Review

  • "In a Weberian fashion, Strasser has asked a wonderful question: What was the connection between the new regulations of women's sexuality and the political changes in seventeenth-century Bavaria? And she has sketched a convincing answer..."
    History of Religions

  • Selected by the German Studies Association as one of the top five books of 2004 in early modern history

  • Finalist for The Historical Book 2004 in Early Modern History

  • Winner: The Society of Early Modern Women for best book relating to early modern women published in 2004

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Copyright © 2004, University of Michigan. All rights reserved.

Product Details

  • 6 x 9.
  • 264pp.
Available for sale worldwide

  • Paper
  • 2006
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-03215-0

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  • $24.95 U.S.