The Strange and Terrible Visions of Wilhelm Friess

The Paths of Prophecy in Reformation Europe
Jonathan Green

Studying the prophecies of Wilhelm Friess and the interconnectedness of textual and print history


Although nearly forgotten today, the prophetic writing of Wilhelm Friess was the most popular work of its kind in Germany in the second half of the sixteenth century. While the author “Wilhelm Friess” was a convenient fiction, his text had a long and remarkable history as it moved from the papal court in fourteenth-century Avignon, to Antwerp under Habsburg oppression, to Nuremberg as it was still reeling from Lutheran failures in the Schmalkaldic War, and then back to Antwerp at the outbreak of the Dutch revolt.

Dutch scholars have recognized that Frans Fraet was executed for printing a prognostication by Willem de Vriese, but this prognostication was thought to be lost. A few scholars of sixteenth-century German apocalypticism have briefly noted the prophecies of Wilhelm Friess but have not studied them in depth. The Strange and Terrible Visions of Wilhelm Friess is the first to connect de Vriese and Friess, as well as recognize the prophecy of Wilhelm Friess as an adaptation of a French version of the Vademecum of Johannes de Rupescissa, making these pamphlets by far the most widespread source for Rupescissa’s apocalyptic thought in Reformation Germany. The book explains the connection between the first and second prophecies of Wilhelm Friess and discovers the Calvinist context of the second prophecy and its connection to Johann Fischart, one of the most important German writers of the time.

Jonathan Green provides a study of how textual history interacts with print history in early modern pamphlets and proposes a model of how early modern prophecies were created and transmitted. The Strange and Terrible Visions of Wilhelm Friess makes important contributions to the study of early modern German and Dutch literature, apocalypticism and confessionalization during the Reformation, and the history of printing in the sixteenth century.

Illustration: Title page of second prophecy of Wilhelm Friess showing Mercury in opposition to Saturn and Mars, and solar and lunar eclipses. VD16 F 2838 (F3). [N.p.: n.p., ca. 1577]. Zentralbibliothek Zürich: Ms F 34, f. 96v.

Jonathan Green is Visiting Assistant Professor of German at the University of North Dakota. This is his second book.

Praise / Awards

  • "Green’s new book demonstrates excellent detective work and a sensible, nonsensationalist view of the fertile prophetic culture of early modern Europe."
    --Philip M. Soergel, Renaissance Quarterly
  • "Scholars of the period will no doubt learn a great deal from this study, which reaches across national and linguistic boundaries and ties together numerous editions of the Friess prophecy heretofore studied in isolation."
    ---Laurence Hare, International Social Science Review

  • "Green has followed up his excellent first monograph with another significant contribution to the fascinating and often mysterious prophetic literature of the first century of print."

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Product Details

  • 6 x 9.
  • 224pp.
  • 5 B&W Illustrations.
Available for sale worldwide

  • Hardcover
  • 2014
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-11921-9

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  • $79.95 U.S.

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  • Wilhelm Friess, Willem de Vriese, Johann Fischart, Johannes de Rupescissa, Vademecum, prophecy, Reformation, Confessionalization, pamphlet, booklet