The Changing Face of Representation

The Gender of U.S. Senators and Constituent Communications
Kim L. Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney
Gender matters in communication, media portrayals, and citizens' attitudes toward senators


As the number of women in the U.S. Senate grows, so does the number of citizens represented by women senators. At the same time, gender remains a key factor in senators’ communications to constituents as well as in news media portrayals of senators. Focusing on 32 male and female senators during the 2006 congressional election year, Kim L. Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney examine in detail senators’ official websites, several thousand press releases and local news stories, and surveys of 18,000 citizens to discern constituents’ attitudes about their senators.

The authors conclude that gender role expectations and stereotypes do indeed constrain representational and campaign messages and influence news coverage of both candidates and elected senators. Further, while citizens appear to be less influenced by entrenched stereotypes, they pay more attention to female senators’ messages and become more knowledgeable about them, in comparison to male senators.

“Through notably strong research methods and a clear and concise writing style, the authors effectively advance a growing line of research which shows that women politicians communicate differently than men, are covered differently by the media, and are received differently by their constituents.”
—Dianne Bystrom, Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women and Politics, Iowa State University

“Fridkin and Kenney make a major contribution to our understanding of the variety of representation in the U.S. Senate. They ask and answer relevant questions about the effects of a senator’s gender on a range of linkages between senators and their constituents. Their multimethod approach yields surprising results both in the impact of gender on the way senators present themselves to their constituents and the expectations constituents have of their senators. Clearly, both scholars of congressional politics and gender politics will find this book a must-read.”
—Bruce I. Oppenheimer, Vanderbilt University

Image: © esenkartal/iStock

Kim L. Fridkin is Professor of Political Science at Arizona State University.

Patrick J. Kenney is the Dean of Social Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Associate Vice President of Research, and Director of The Institute for Social Science Research at Arizona State University. 

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Product Details

  • 256 pages.
  • 15 figures, 36 tables.
Available for sale worldwide

  • Ebook
  • 2014
  • Available
  • 978-0-472-12008-6

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