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America, Belgium, England, France, and the Netherlands all experienced political upheaval during the late eighteenth century. Women participated in these events in a variety of ways according to class and country. Not only was the nature of their participation different from that of men, but they were also affected by the political changes and economic developments in ways different from their male counterparts.
The essays collected in this volume provide a comparative historical investigation of gender and political culture as they explore eighteenth-century revolutionary movements. The contributors bring a rich variety of sources, methods, and perspectives to the investigation, making this anthology a useful contribution to the study of comparative history. Included are sources from diaries, letters, petitions, public speeches and printed essays, newspaper reports, police records, and other government documents. Archival illustrations visually document this revolutionary era.
Women and Politics in the Age of the Democratic Revolution analyzes the impact of women's participation on the courses and outcomes of specific upheavals, and assesses the impact of the political and institutional changes on women's lives and their political and social identities. Many of the papers point to the root of women's political engagement in neighborhood or village community life, and suggest that where local institutions were weakened by political revolution or economic growth, women often lost "protocitizenship." Drawing on the analyses of their contributors, the editors address the critical questions whether the late eighteenth century was in fact an age of democratic revolution for women. The investigation of such questions has profound implications for our evaluation of the nature and limits of democratic ideology and institutions.
The collection will be of interest to scholars of modern European history, women's studies, comparative political history, the Enlightenment, and the Age of Revolution.
Harriet B. Applewhite and Darline G. Levy 1
The Myth of the Feminine Food Riot: Women as Proto-Citizens in English Community Politics, 1790-1810
John Bohstedt 21
Maculine and Feminine Political Practice during the French Revolution, 1793-Year III
Dominique Godineau 61
Women, Radicalization, and the Fall of the French Monarchy
Darline G. Levy and Harriet B. Applewhite 81
Women and Political Culture in the Dutch Revolutions
Wayne Ph. te Brake, Rudolf M. Dekker, and Lotte C. van de Pol 109
Women in Revolutionary Brussels: "The Source of Our Greatest Strength"
Janet Polasky 147
"The Powers of Husband and Wife Must Be Equal and Separate": The Cercle Social and the Rights of Women, 1790-91
Gary Kates 163
The Women of Boston: "Persons of Consequence" in the Making of the American Revolution, 1765-76
Alfred F. Young 181
"I have Don . . . much to Carrey on the Warr": Women and the Shaping of Republican Ideology after the American Revolution
Linda K. Kerber 227
Looking Back: Women of 1848 and the Revolutionary Heritage of 1789
Laura S. Strumingher 259