Fraud and Misconduct in Research
Detection, Investigation, and Organizational Response
Nachman Ben-Yehuda and Amalya Oliver-Lumerman
A clear-eyed examination of research misconduct, and how efforts to expose and prevent it affect scientists and universities
In Fraud and Misconduct in Research, Nachman Ben-Yehuda and Amalya Oliver-Lumerman introduce the main characteristics of research misconduct, portray how the characteristics are distributed, and identify the elements of the organizational context and the practice of scientific research which enable or deter misconduct. Of the nearly 750 known cases between 1880 and 2010 which the authors examine, the overwhelming majority took place in funded research projects and involved falsification and fabrication, followed by misrepresentation and plagiarism. The incidents were often reported by the perpetrator’s colleagues or collaborators. If the accusations were confirmed, the organization usually punished the offender with temporary exclusion from academic activities and institutions launched organizational reforms, including new rules, the establishment of offices to deal with misconduct, and the creation of re-training and education programs for academic staff. Ben-Yehuda and Oliver-Lumerman suggest ways in which efforts to expose and prevent misconduct can further change the work of scientists, universities, and scientific research.
“This is a timely book on an important topic for the international scientific community. It applies well-established criminological thinking to the growing challenge of fraud and fabrication in the conduct of research, enhancing our understanding of its causes, and the likely effectiveness of current policy responses.”
—Robert Dingwall, Nottingham Trent University
“Fraud and Misconduct in Research clearly reflects an astute knowledge and assessment of the existing literature on the topic of interest and makes a significant new contribution by enlarging our perspectives to include the organizational field within which acts of fraud and detection in research have taken place and how they are dealt with.”
—Harold T. Shapiro, Princeton University
“Fraud and Misconduct in Research makes a major contribution to our understanding of scientific fraud and misconduct by putting widely reported incidents into wider perspective. The book eschews the usual analyses of scientific fraud and misconduct that are normative by directing our attention to what fraud and misconduct tells us about the institutional and organizational aspects of scientific research. The result is a deeper understanding of the challenges that currently face scientific research that will benefit not only readers who have a specialized interest in fraud and misconduct, but practicing scientists and researchers more generally.”
—Joseph Lampel, University of Manchester
Nachman Ben-Yehuda is Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He won a 2017 Law and Society Association International Award for significant contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the field of law and society.
Amalya Oliver-Lumerman is Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Praise / Awards
"Provides a thorough analysis of research fraud, intellectual property, and the systems that enable or prevent misconduct in research through the lens of organizational theory and sociology."
--Choice Reviews Online
"The book provides empirical work that is urgently needed to bring more professional distance to debates and research on scientific misconduct..."
--American Journal of Sociology
News, Reviews, Interviews
Read: Nachman Ben-Yehuda and Amalya Oliver-Lumerman interviewed in Inside Higher Ed Link
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